CARS & BEATS: Developing a hypothesis🔮📚💭♻️

if a=b and b=c, then a=c

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I want to study and make ______nonverbal communication and music/sound

because I want to find out _______if i can (innovate methods of production) by working with _____ cool people with different ways of thinking in order to ____ change, build, save culture.

Asking the right question: How do we define "sustainable mass transit" ? (please see my next post on Soft Systems Methodology and Conceptual Models)

In the past decade, technology has not only transformed the aesthetics of New York City (digital advertising in Times Square, Yellow Taxi Cabs, Subway stations, and on your phone, branding for on-demand, hyper-personalized, luxury, convenience, wellbeing, “ethical consumption”) but has created new ways that users navigate the infrastructure of a historic city as a rapidly changing socio-technical system, constantly in flux and somehow in equilibrium.

Systems Design helps us look beyond economics, operations, aesthetics, and engineering, it fundamentally changes experiences by leveraging /prioritizing/ giving agency, altering social behavior, influencing public opinion. The model of the system can shape the experiences and interactions between inputs, signals, stakeholders, worker. interact with people who both use and operate the services provided by the system, and opened up incredible potential to measure, analyze, and optimize customized (outlier) use.

Gentrifying areas in Brooklyn have three to six times more cultural spaces/venues than gentrifying neighborhoods in Harlem and the Bronx, according to the 2018 NYC Creative Footprint Report. Is there any correlation to transit patterns, accessibility, and technology/social media behavior?

Community-Based Research Timeline:

2017-2019 Field research: Interviewed Drivers and researched on-demand delivery infrastructure

09.2018 : Made website for blog, events, crowdfunding.

10.2018: Started hosting salons to get feedback on ideas

11:2018 : Brand, Personas, Fashion/Product Design, Information Architecture

02.2019: New York Hall of Science: Studying nodes & epicenters of alternative infrastructure. Mapping, Psychogeography of kids, game design research

05.2019: Research Design Document for Location-based Game that promotes local cultural economy

06.2019: Thoughtworks Salon & The Business of Event Production

09.2019 Systems Thinking for Social Change, Social Design, Academia/ Community coalition building

11/2019: Interviewed and researched entrepreneurs in Ridesharing

12.2019 Pre-Thesis Design research & co-ideation chaos. Future of Automobility, On-demand delivery: social vs. autonomous

01.2020: thesis: Given, Manhattan's unique infrastructure, policies, and geo-history, what defines New York new era of Mobility and its impact on the regional economy/urban periphery?


ons of data visualization maps from Viewing NYC

History of NYC Transit through maps

Interactive Map: How frequently Subway & Bus Lines Have Delays

Schematic Redesign of the NYC Subway Map

Data Visualization: A typical day of transit flows in NYC

Interactive Heat Map: Motor Vehicle Collisions in NYC since 2012

History: “Here’s why New Yorkers chose a worse subway map than this modern design classic”

1972 Massimo Vignelli Map in MoMA (Infographics)

NYC DOT Mobility Report 2019:

The number of cars entering Manhattan's CBD continues to drop, but the empty, roaming FHV's (circling and parking) the area brought no relief (did they add to) congestion (FHV has increased 90%/10 yesar? MTA ridership has been declining since 2015 (first weekends, now weekday as well), Ferry expands to Bronx, CBD Tolling Program/ congestion pricing. 45% of new yorkers receive a delivery at home once a week.

is it efficient to compare Citibike data to Taxi Data from a Engineering/Efficiency potential (speed/ distance)

Why has trips to CBD decreased when all signs indicate that they would increase? (increased population, increased tourism, increased jobs) (The people working those jobs take Public Transit from NJ, CT, LIRR, and don't pay taxes/aren't residents of NYC, aren't tourists). Tourists would stay in hotels in CBD and walk around/take efficient inter-CBD subway rides vs. the ones who stay in BK/ airbnb vs. Business trips... stay in hotel for 2 days (average length of stay in hotels in CBD, BK, Airbnb).

NYC Creative Footprint 2018

Creative Footprint NYC | Music (CFP NYC) is a unique document. The information in the report has been collated from nearly 500 active music venues, clubs, theaters and creative spaces that regularly program musical events in the central districts of New York City. CFP NYC was created after an extensive process of data collation and analysis using online data mining, on-the-ground research, focus group meetings and questionnaires.

Unlike many reports dealing with the creative industries, CFP NYC has been forged at street level and with a specific focus. Identifying live (popular) music as both the mainstay of and catalyst for New York’s wider creative wellbeing, and a sector that is increasingly under threat due to venue closure, the report presents findings of a depth and breadth of detail never previously collated. The results also act as an open conversation between New York’s music scene and the wider world. Inspired, created and shaped by hundreds of New Yorkers active in the music industry, CFP NYC accurately and intimately reflects their hopes, fears and plans for the future of their city’s music scene


A neighborhood-level analysis allows for a more detailed understanding of the state of creative space in New York. By exploring the relationships between neighborhood demographics and economics and the characteristics of its creative spaces, we can see how different areas of the city have their own character and their own challenges. For example, Central Harlem South, represent historic elements of the city’s music scene. The Upper East Side showcases venues with institutional pedigree. Bushwick South represents not only the vanguard of new venues, but also highlights the complex relationship between artistic space and economic and demographic neighborhood change.


The Zoom In focuses on presenting a cross section of neighborhoods: representing traditional and current “flagship” neighborhoods for cultural innovation, and areas that are currently innovative but potentially vulnerable to change. The findings presented in this Zoom In also give an indication of the extensive and rich nature of the data collated during the survey; some findings can initially seem conflicting or contradictory in nature.



7 venues. The Upper East Side is home to many museums and institutions that host events. Older, wealthier area with high creative scores and primarily large venues with a combined 6 million social media followers.

MIDTOWN - MIDTOWN SOUTH 54 venues, Midtown has the most venues of any NTA in the data set. Most of Midtown’s venues are tourist-oriented theaters with repeat performances. Many venues are 20+ years old and in the lowest experimental category.

EAST VILLAGE (MANHATTAN) 18 Venues. The East Village is, historically, a very culturally important nightlife and culture hub. The area has lots of live venues and clubs, ranks low in experimental offering. The East Village is currently quite expensive, largely white (75%), and owing to the presence of universities, over 50% of its population is ages 18-34. Very stark difference from its neighbor in Chinatown.

CHINATOWN (MANHATTAN) 31 venues. The densest agglomeration of venues in the city- mostly clubs - is in Chinatown. This area is unusual in that it has some of the lowest rents and lowest white population in lower Manhattan. Most of the venues here

BROOKLYN are along the northern border with the East Village and Lower East Side. Chinatown NTA is not completely coterminous with what people think of as Chinatown proper.

CENTRAL HARLEM SOUTH (MANHATTAN) 10 venues. Harlem has some of the city’s most famous historically African American cultural venues including the Apollo. This area is characterized by older venues, high creative scores, low experimental scores and good transit access.

MOTT HAVEN – PORT MORRIS (BRONX) 6 venues. The Mott Haven - Port Morris NTA has the most CFP venues of any neighborhood in the Bronx – mostly event spaces and a couple clubs. This lower income area has some transit access, and is considered to be undergoing accelerating neighborhood change.

RIDGEWOOD (QUEENS) 8 venues. Ridgewood is adjacent to Bushwick. The neighborhood scored highest in experimental content amongst all neighborhoods. The area is relatively affordable by New York standards, low percentage of 18-34 year olds, good transit access.


BUSHWICK SOUTH (BROOKLYN 26 venues. Bushwick is next door to North Side – South Side (colloquially known as Williamsburg). Most venues here opened in the last several years. These venues scored high for creative and experimental output, tended to be larger on average and dealt with emerging artists. The area’s population is 65% minority, and rents are 2/3rds of those in nearby Williamsburg. Recent analyses by researchers point to increasing rents and decreasing diversity in Bushwick - a trend which follows that of Williamsburg. OOKLYN

NORTH SIDE - SOUTH SIDE (BROOKLYN) 32 Venues. This NTA is more commonly known as Williamsburg (technically the name of the neighboring NTA). This area has a diversity of clubs and live venues in a range of size classifications. The fact that the neighborhood’s venues have a huge amount of social media followers - 3.5 million in total - implies that it has a cultural impact that extends well beyond the city. The area’s experimental program ranked relatively low on average. The Williamsburg area has experienced rapid change in the last 20 years and costs of living continue to rise - rents increased roughly 50% from 2010-2016.

NYC Nightlife Economy (Mayor's Office)

Regional Economy:

Lyft Social Impact Report 2019:

The percentage of female licensed drivers (professional/commercial license vs. regular license, insurance, vehicle registration (increasing)) in New York City is significantly lower than the national average.

Map of RBT Routes in NYC compared to Other US Cities

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